The word yoga, as most of you doubtless know, is the same as our word yoke. Y-O-K-E. And the Latin word iungere, to join. Join, junction, yolk, union, all these words are basically from the same root. And so likewise when Jesus said my yoke is easy he was saying really my yoga is easy. And the word therefore basically denotes. The state that would be the opposite of what our psychologists call alienation. Or what Buddhists call psychiatrist. The view of separateness the feeling of separateness the feeling of being cut off from being. And most civilized people do in fact feel that way. Because they have a kind of myopia attention. Focused on their own boundaries and what is inside those boundaries and they identify themselves with the inside. And they don’t realize that you cannot have an inside without an outside. That would seem Wouldn’t it be extremely elementary logic that we could have no sense. Of being ourselves. Of having a personal identity without the contrast of something that is not ourselves that is to say other.


But the fact that we don’t realize that Self and Other go together is the root of an enormous and terrifying anxiety. Because what will happen when the inside disappears? What will happen when the so-called comes to an end as it seems to. Because if it didn’t. I mean if things did not keep moving and changing appearing and dissolving. The universe would be a colossal ball. And therefore you are only aware that the things are all right for the moment I mean I hope most of the people in this gathering have a sort of genial sense inside them that for the time being things are going on more or less OK Some of you may be very miserable. And then your problem may be just a little different but it’s essentially the same one but you must realize that that sense of life being fairly All right is inconceivable and unfeeling unless there is way way way in the back of your mind the glimmer of a possibility that something absolutely unspeakably awful might happen. Doesn’t have to happen because you’ll die one day. But there always has to be the vague apprehension the hint to get down that the awful awful are possible. It gives spice to life. Now these observations are in line with what I’m going to talk about tonight the intellectual approach to yoga. There are basically certain principle forms of yoga. Most people are familiar with hotter yoga. Which is a psycho physical exercise system and that’s the one you see demonstrated most on television because it has visual value. You can see all these exercises with Lotus positions and people curling their legs around their necks and doing all sorts of marvelous exercises and they’re good exercises the most honest yoga teacher I know is a woman who teaches hatha yoga and doesn’t pretend to be any other kind of guru and she does it very well.


Then there is, back to yoga, Bhakti means devotion. And I suppose in general you might say that Christianity is a form of back to yoga. Because it is yoga practice through extreme reverence for love for. Some being felt more or less external to one’s self who is the representative of the divine. Then there is karma yoga. Karma means action and incidentally that’s all it means. It does not mean the law of cause and effect when we say that something that happens to you is your karma all it saying is it’s your own doing. Nobody’s in charge of karma except you. Karma Yoga is the way of action. Of using one’s everyday life one’s trade or unathletic discipline like sailing or surf riding or track running as your way of yoga as your way of discovering who you are. Then there’s Raja Yoga. That’s the Royal yoga, and that’s sometimes also called can do. And that involves very complicated psychic exercises having to do with awakening the serpent power. That is. As to lie at the base of one’s spiritual spine. And raising it up through certain chakras or centers until it enters into the brain there’s a very profound symbolism involved in that. But I’m not going into that.


And then finally there is there are several others as mantra yoga Montrealer go which is the practice through chanting of humming either out loud or silently certain sounds. Which we’ve come supports for contemplation of what is in Sanskrit called Yana. And Yana. Is the state in which one is clearly awake and aware. Of the world as it is. As distinct from the world as it is described. In other words in the state of jhana you stop thinking. That is to say you stop talking to yourself and figure into yourself and symbolizing to yourself what is going on. You simply are aware of what is and nobody can say what it is because as courtship ski well said the real world is unspeakable. Lovely double taken. But. That’s Jana that’s. Where one practice is to sit absolutely wide awake with eyes open. But not thinking. That’s a very curious state incidentally. I knew a professor of mathematics at Northwestern University. Who one day said you know it’s amazing how many things there are that aren’t so. Now I know he was talking about old wives tales and scientific superstitions and so on but when you practice Jana you are amazed how many things there are that answer. Because when you stop talking to yourself and you are simply aware of what is. That is to say of what you feel. What you sense even that saying too much you suddenly find that the past and the future completely disappeared. So also have disappeared the so-called differentiation between the no and the known the subject in the object the feel around the feeling the thinker in the thought they just aren’t there because you have to talk to yourself to maintain those things. They are purely conceptual their ideas their phantoms ghosts.


So when you allow thinking to stop. All that goes away. And you find you’re in an eternal here or now. And there’s no way you’re supposed to be there’s nothing you’re supposed to do is know what you exposed to go because in order to think you’re supposed to do something you have to think. And so it’s incredibly important to on. At least once a day. For the very preservation of the intellectual life. So if we stop that. Temporarily. And get our mind clear of thoughts. We become as Jesus said again as children. And get a direct view of the world. Which is very useful once here and I doubt it’s not much you can do with it when you’re a baby. Because everybody pushes you around and you know they pick you up and sit with the city of there and you can’t do much except practice contemplation. Only if you can tell anyone what it’s like. But when as an adult you can recapture the baby’s point of view you will know what all child psychologists have always wanted to know how it is that a baby feels. And the baby according to Freud at least has the oceanic experience. That is to say a feeling of complete inseparability from what’s going on. The baby is unable to distinguish between the Universe and his or her action upon the universe. And most of us if we got into that state of consciousness might be inclined to feel extremely frightened. And being beginning to ask. Who’s in charge. I mean. Who controls what happens next we would ask that because we are used to the idea that the process of nature consists of controllers and control ease. Things that do and things that are done to. This is purely mythological. So many spiritual teachers and gurus will look at their disciples and say. I am God. I have realized. But the important thing is that you are. Whether I am or not is that now. Of no consequence to you whatsoever. I could get up and say I have realized I put on a turban and yellow robe and whatever. You come and have Darshan on. I’m going to you need the grace of guru in order to realize and so on and that would be a wonderful hoax if you like picking your pockets and selling you your own watch. But the point is you are. And what are we saying when we say that. We are obviously saying something very important. Alas and alack there is no way of defining it. That is to say going any further into words about it. See when a philosopher hears such a statement as to I must see you or it. Or there is only the eternal now. The Philosopher says I did see where I was so excited about it what do you mean by that. And then he asked that question because he wants to continue in a word game. He doesn’t want to go on into an experience will dimension he wants to go on arguing because that’s his trip. And all these great mystical statements mean nothing whatsoever. There are alternate statements. Just as you know the trees in the clouds in the mountains and the stars have no meaning because they’re not words words have meaning because they’re symbols because they point to something other than themselves. But the stars like music. Music only bad music has any meaning. Classical music never has a meaning and to understand. It humans simply listen to it and observe its beautiful patterns go into its complexity.


So when your mind that is to say your verbal systems get to the end of their tether that is to say when they arrived at the meaningless statement. Here is the critical point. And the method of Indiana yoga is to exercise one’s intellect to its limits. So that you get to the point where you have no further questions to ask. You can do this in philosophy study. If you got the right kind of teacher. Who shows you that all philosophical opinions whatsoever are false. Or at least if not false extremely partial. And so you feel a kind of intellectual vertigo. Which is called in a Zen Buddhist poem. Above not a tile to cover the head below not an inch of ground to stand on. Well where you where are you then. Of course you where you always were. You discovered your it and that’s very uncomfortable because you can’t grab it.


So yeah I’ve discovered that whatever it is that I am. Now is not something inside my head. It is just as much out there as it is in here but whatever it is I cannot get hold of it. Well that gives you the heebie jeebies you get butterflies in the stomach. Anxiety traumas and all kinds of things. But this was all explained by Shankara who the great Hindu commentator on the punish adds the great master of the non-dualistic doctrine of the universe when he said. That which knows which is in all beings the knower is never an object of its own knowledge. So that to everyone who is in quest. Of the supreme kick. The great experience. The vision of God. Whatever you want to call it liberation. When you think that you are not it. Any old guru can sell you on a method to find it. And that may not be a bad thing for him to do. Because as Blake said a fool who persists in his folly will become wise. And a clever girl who is a person who leads you on here kitty kitty kitty kitty kitty I’ve got something very good to show you. You just wait but you’ve got to go through a lot of stages yet. He said. I’m Can I get that island together. You know all the time it’s you. I was talking of the Zen master the other day. And he said. You should be my disciple. I looked at him and said who was Buddhist teacher. And he looked at me in a very odd way and said. So he burst into laughter and he gave me apiece. Of clover. It’s. So. You can you see. So long as you can be persuaded there’s something law that you ought to be than you are. You’ve divided yourself from. Reality from the universe from God or whatever you want to call that the tat and tat. And you will find constantly if you if you’re interested in anything like this in psychoanalysis in just out therapy in sensitivity training in any kind of yoga or what have you. That there will be that. Funny sensation of what I’ll call spiritual greed. That can be aroused by somebody indicating to you. There are still higher stages for you to attain. You should meet my go. The so you might say then and now it to be truly realized you have to get to the point where you are not seeking anymore.


So then you begin to think well, the way we will we will now be non seekers. In the light disciples of Krishnamurti who because he says he doesn’t read any spiritual books they can read anything with mysteries the heart it’s. You know becoming spiritually and spiritual. Well you find that that too is what is called In Zen legs on a snake. It’s irrelevant you don’t need not to see. This you don’t need anything. And I mean it’s like crawling into a hole and pulling the hole in after you. And of the great master of this technique was a Buddhist scholar. Lived about two hundred a day. Invented a whole dialectic he had old school called mechanica where the as it were leader of the students would simply destroy all their ideas. Absolutely abolish their philosophical notions. And they get the heebie jeebies. They see he didn’t have the B.G.. He seemed perfectly relaxed in not having any particular point of view. But as a teacher how can you stand. We have to have something to hang on to. Who does. Who are you. And eventually you discover of course that it’s not necessary to hang on to anything. To rely on and there’s nothing to rely on because here it. Is like the universe it’s like asking the question where is the universe. And by that I mean the whole universe. Who care about says it in space. Everything in it is falling around everything else but there’s no concrete floor underneath. With the thing to crash. Because the space. You can think of infinite space if you like you don’t have to think of space. The space that goes out and out and out forever and ever and has no end what is there. Of course it’s you what else could it be. Only the universe is delightfully arranged. So that it as it looks at itself. In order not to be one sided and prejudiced It looks at itself from. An uncountable number of points of view. We thus avoid solid them. With as if I were to have the notion that it’s only me that’s really here and you’re all in my dream. Of course it’s that point of view cannot really be disputed. Except by imagining a conference of solipsists arguing as to which one of them is the one that was really the. Now you see if you understand what I’m saying with your intelligence. And then take the next step and say I understood it now but I didn’t feel it then next I raise the question. Why do you want to feel it. You say I want something more because that’s again that spiritual green. And you can only say that because you didn’t understand. There is nothing to pursue because you’re it and if you don’t know that you always were it. And if you don’t know that.


In other words, to put it in Christian terms, or Jewish terms, if you don’t know that your god from the beginning what happens is that you try to become God by force. Therefore you start being violent and obstreperous and this and that and the other. All our violence all our competitiveness all our. Terrific anxiety to survive is because we didn’t know from the beginning that we were it. Well then you would safe we didn’t know from the beginning as in fact you did. When you were a baby. Then everybody says well nothing would ever happen. But it did happen. And it’s some of it’s pretty messy. But what people don’t realize is they say well take take the Hindus it’s basic to Hindu religion that we’re all God in disguise. And that the world is an illusion. All that is. Sort of half truth. But if that is the case if Hindus and really awaken Hindus by the knowledge of their union with the Godhead. Would simply become inert. Why then Hindu music. The most incredibly complex marvelous technique. When they sit and play they laugh at each other. They’re enjoying themselves enormously with very complicated musical games but when we come in the symphony orchestra gets up everybody dresses in evening dress in a serious expression and all the audience is down on us like it’s in a kind of church. And there’s none of that to. Records rest well the drama of the tabla player laughs at the sorrow as they compete with each other in all kinds of marvelous improvise ations.


So if you do find out by any chance. Who you really are. You instead of becoming merely lazy. You know you start laughing and laughing leads to dancing and dancing needs music and we can play with each other. For a change.