Up to this point, I have been discussing the theme of the world as the Self from three points of view and. Number one. Discussing what the self means in Hindu philosophy. The Self which you feel yourself to be is an expression. And is in fact at root the same as the self. That is to say, the being. Which is the root and ground of the universe. We went on from that. To see. How according to Hinduism the self manifests itself in the cosmological way. In the beathing in and breathing out, raising out all the manifested universes and then breathing in withdrawing the manifestation over vast periods of time of space vast in length as also vast in brevity. The third step was to see, the social order, the human order as a microcosm of this huge macrocosmic game or Lila of hide and seek.
And so finally we come to the last consideration. Which is the question. In what way and by what means can an individual who is under the impression that he is a separate individual limited by and interest in his bag of skin. How can such a person effectively realise that he is deep down the universal self, the Brahman. This of course is a curious question, which reminds me of the famous story of an American tourist in England who wanted to find a certain obscure village and he stopped a native Yokel and asked the name to this place. And this Yokel scratched his head and said all, ‘Sir I do not know where it is, but if I were you I wouldn’t start from here.’ In a sudden way the question how do I realize the Self is the wrong question. Why is it the wrong question. Because it proposes a journey to the place where you already are. Now it’s true that you may not know that you are there. But you are and if you take a journey to the place where you are you will visit many other places. Than the place where you are and perhaps. When you find through some long experience that all the places you go to are not the place you wanted to find. You it may or. Kirti you that you were already there in the beginning. And that is the. Dharma or method as I translated that word, which all gurus teachers of spiritual development use fundamentalists. They are all of them tricksters. But in the most beneficence sense of the word trickster. Why trickster? Because I do know it’s terribly difficult in fact it’s impossible to surprise yourself on purpose. And yet, to be surprised is a great thing. But you can’t plan a surprise for yourself. Somebody else can do it for you. And that is why so often a guru or teacher is necessary in this process. But let me say right from the start that a guru there are many kinds of groups. First of all among human gurus, there are square gurus. And there are beat gurus. There are gurus like…well let’s say a great Zen Master today let’s take odor Roshi at DI Tokaji who is a square guru. And a very good one. But you go through regular channels. Then there is a guru like Mr. Gurdjieff, who is a rascal guru. Who leads you in by means that are very very strange indeed. Gurus may be situations. Certain kind of problem or encounter even a book can to some extent be a guru. A friend can be a guru. I have often thought of writing a story about a man who is some sort of guru seeker and potential yogi who goes one day into an automatic and sits down at a table where there is another fellow and he sort of thinks that this man looks wise. And he projects on to him the idea that he is a guru. And he says I am to you so he says I feel that something special about him. And the man says, ‘Oh really?’ Actually there’s nothing special about me I happen to be an insurance salesman. And this other fellow says Isn’t that fascinating how modest two years. And then I want to develop the story step by step they keep meeting each other because they both eat at the same automat regularly for lunch and although they are the fellow really is an insurance salesman and doesn’t know a thing about these things it in the end results in the indictment of the person who project it is a major part. There’s something like that in a New Yorker article which was then in the art of tennis. Which you may remember.
So there are as I say, many kinds of guru. But the problem of the guru is to show the Inquirer in some effective way that he already has what he is looking for. A story is told of a great Hindu King called Yagnidata who one day woke up in the morning and in order to arrange himself for the day picked up the mirror beside his bed and looked in it and found he had no head the reason was he had a hangover and he looked in the wrong side of the mirror one side of an ancient mirror you know this polished copper of brass or something, and the other is got some designs on. He looked on the wrong side and couldn’t find his head said Good Lord I’ve lost my head and it was a great search he instituted to find his lost head. So we are all in that position. We’re looking at the wrong side of the mirror. We’re looking for our head. Have you ever thought about that? What if there were no… You would never know what your head looks like. And try to be aware of your head. What color is your head, so far as your eyes it means? You look around and you can’t find it it isn’t that the something black here that’s like darkness. That I enjoy it is that behind your eyes do you feel there’s a darkness there is there something black no as you turn around this thing just doesn’t have any color at all it isn’t black It isn’t white it isn’t nothing. And yet to have that thing there which has no color. No quality of any kind that you can see is the condition of being able to see everything. Actually what your head feels like inside is what you see out in front of you. Because as I said all that you see out in front of you is a state of the brain. It is the way it feels inside your head and the things you hear they are all in the way the brain feels. The brain in other words is a marvelous contraption to the extent that it is not present to itself it is present to everything else. Now, if you get a tumor in the brain, the brain starts to become present to itself, and you get feelings inside your senses that are all weird and don’t seem to be right with the external world. And that is because something has gone wrong inside your brain. So too, when you see spots in front of your eyes, you are seeing your eyes but you can only see your own eyes when they are defective. When they are working properly, they are completely invisible.
Now, in Hindu traditions, the realization of who you really are is called basically sadhana. And sadhana means the discipline. The way of life that is necessary to follow in order to escape from the illusion that you are merely a skin encapsulated ego. And solder now comprises yoga. From the root yoga. Which means to join. And so from that in Latin we get Ungere, to join. And in English junction. And also yoke. And. Junction is also the word union you see. All this derives from the Sanskrit root [with] ‘u.’ Yoke is also a discipline. When you yoke oxen that is a kind of a discipline. Now strictly speaking in the various strictest sense Yoga means the State of Union the state in which the individual selfw hat is called. The man. Jivatman is approximately translatable as ego gene that man. Finds that it is ultimately up man which equals Brahman. The Supreme Self. So yoga is the state the strictest meaning of yoga is the state of Union and a yogi means one who has realised that union. But, we find that the word is not. Normally used in that way in that strict sense. Yoga in the normal way of use means the practice of meditation, whereby one comes into the State of Union, and the yogi means one who is a traveler a seeker who is on the way to that point.
But again, strictly speaking, there is no metho to arrive at the place where you are. And no amount of searching will uncover the self. Because all searching implies the absence of the self. The big self the self with a capital S.So that to seek it is to thrust it away. And to practice a discipline to attain it is to postpone realizing. There is a famous Zen story told of a monk who was sitting in meditation, and a master came along and said What are you doing he said I’m meditating to become a buddha. Whereupon a master picked up a brick that was lying nearby and started polishing it. Rubbing it and the monk said What are you doing he said I’m rubbing this brick to make it a mirror. He said by no amount of rubbing could you ever make a brick into a mirror the master replied by no amount of zazen will make you become a Buddha. Zazen means sitting meditation. They react very bad or to the story in modern day Japan. An anywhere. What is important to see quite quite radically here is that the moment you embark, supposing for just let me put it in this way supposing that I say to you. Each one of you is really the great self and I’m the brunt. And you say well if all you’ve said up to now makes me fairly sympathetic to this intellectually. But I don’t really feel it. What must I do to feel it really? My answer to you is this. You ask me that question because you don’t want to feel it really. You’re frightened of it. And therefore what you’re going to do is you’re going to get a method of practice so that you can put it off. So that I can say well I can be a long time on the way to getting this thing. And then maybe I’ll be worthy of it, after I have suffered enough. You see, because we are brought up in a social scheme whereby we have to deserve what we get and the price that one pays for all good things is suffering. And people love to boast about how much they’ve suffered I find it quite sickening the people who go over to Japan or India and come back and say or Tibet or somewhere oh these awful things that their masters did to us they made to sit for hours with. Crossed legs so that when we got up we couldn’t stand and we were aching and we were hungry and cold and shivering and we were hit over the head with sticks and things and all these things we endured my God wasn’t that tough of us and they do all this you see and say look at this cars I have look at the wounds I got in the battle look at all my medals, see, for my valiant spiritual endeavors. But all of that is precisely postponement. Is because one is afraid, here and now, to see it. If you had the nerve you know the real nerve you would see it right away. Only that would be there when one feels you should have been like that why that would be awful that would be that that wouldn’t do at all because after all I’m supposed to be poor little me. And I’m not really much of a muchness. And I’m playing the role of being poor little me, and therefore in order to be something great like a Buddha or a Jivamokta One liberated in this life. I ought to suffer. So you can suffer for it there are all kinds of ways you know it’s invented for you to do this. And you can discipline yourself and you can gain control of your mind and you can do all sorts of extraordinary things. I mean you can drink water in through your rectum and do the most fantastic things. But that’s just like being able to run one hundred yards in nine seconds. Or to push a peanut up Mt Tam applies with your nose or any other kind of accomplishment you want to engage in wraps a looter nothing to do with the realisation of the self. The realisation of the self is fundamentally the means of coming off it. You know the sort of when we say to people who put on some kind of an act with our Come off it. And some people can come off it they laugh and say they suddenly realise you know they are making fools of themselves and they laugh at themselves and they come off it so in exactly the same way. The guru, the teacher, is trying to make you come off it. As he finds he can’t make you come up it is going to put you through all these exercises so the jewels at the last time when you’ve got enough discipline and enough suffering and enough frustration. You’ll give it all up and realise you were there for the beginning and there was nothing to realise.
But the guru is very clever these it’s all right if this is the way you have to go this is where you have to if you ask for it. You came to me I didn’t invite you is either going to as those you came to me and said I want to learn yoga. Well he said, Yoga is union you are, tat tvam asi, you know. You know that but now you say I’m sorry I don’t understand that because I only get it intellectually I don’t feel it always says you’re one of those. So I see, I’ve got to satisfy you the customer is always right now I got to give you all this work to do. Because you can see directly that this is. But he’s looking at you in a funny way to see the year the guru is always saying to you. You know what do you do you do me what’s your game. Imagine for example a father confessor. And you feel terribly guilty. That you committed murders and robberies and adulterers and fornications and all kinds of arson and injury to people and financial shenanigans and you go to this man and say I am a terrible sinner. Since really he says I have murdered somebody is how many times. And you think oh good lot this man doesn’t realize how awful I am your aside all these things he’s perfectly calm. And then you say to him Well you don’t seem to be very shocked he said you haven’t confessed any serious sense. He said What do you mean by a serious sin. Well I said What do you think. Well you know I, I just feel wrong. I just feel that something in the basis of me that feels that tells me that I am not what I ought to be. Could it be that I am spiritually proud. That I’m egocentric. There’s no that’s an absence very usual this is quite ordinary isn’t. But he says, ‘You are guilty of something. Something really terrible.’ And bluster that leave. Idea our sins come on a month to. Go deeper What is the real sin committed. You don’t want me I little me could do something worse than murder them worse than spiritual pride. Just little me. I mean. I’m a reasonably well-intentioned person. What could that be. And he looks at you in a funny way that you know. You know that’s a kind of a casket esque situation where you’re accused of a crime that’s not specified and yet, the judge the accuser says you jolly well know what you’ve done because we can’t mention it. Because now it’s like there’s laws that are on the books in the state of California and several other states, where people are accused of the abominable crime against nature. And nobody knows what it I mean I can’t imagine. It’s too dreadful to be talked about. So this guy does the same thing but it’s in a different dimension you have done it. What did you do seek the real crime is that you won’t admit you’re God. That’s false modesty. You won’t admit that your other self in disguise see as such and such a persona such as a person you know the word person means mask that persona, that through which the sound flows and the mask in the classical. Drama of Greek or Latin drama was shaped like a megaphone so that the sound would be projected in an open air theater Sepang So now that through which the sound flows as the mask and now we use the word person which means fake or mask to mean the real thing Harry Emerson Fosdick wrote a book How to be a Real Person. If you translate that back into the original meaning it means how to be a real fake.
So the guru challenges you see he challenges you if you raise the breast and he doesn’t go out and preach in the streets. I say come on everybody ought to be converted he said stop under a tree. And waits. And people start coming around and they offer him propositions he answers back. And he challenges you. In any way that he thinks is appropriate to your situation. Now. If you’ve got a thin shell. And your mask is easily dispatched with. He simply uses what we might call an easy method. Listen Shiva, come off it. Don’t pretend you’re this guy here I know you are. And the guy sort of twinkles a bit and says. Well I guess you’re right. But there are people out like that that have very thick shells. And so he has to invent ways of cracking them. So here’s how it goes. You what to do to understand yoga, you need to get hold of a good translation of Patanjali. The yoga sutra. I don’t know which is the best translation there are so many albums. You know that Hindu friend of mine recognise recommends the one in the Harvard Oriental series by Woods. It says it starts out now yoga is explained. First. And the commentators say now has a special meaning because it follows from something else that you’re supposed to know. Beforehand, that you’re supposed to be in other words, a civilized human being before you start out on yoga. We don’t eat yogurt a baboon. And so you’re supposed to have been disciplined in as I told you this morning are the karma and dharma. In a political sense, the totality. And Dharma, justice. And then you can start your book. Then the next verse is your gas cheat the Briton it’ll die which means yoga is the cessation of revolutions of the mind. In other words, that…you can interpret that a many levels. Chipped our meaning consciousness like a pull like water like a reflecting pool. If there are waves on that it doesn’t reflect it breaks up all the reflections. So stop the waves on the mind and it will reflect reality clearly get a perfectly calm mind that’s one meaning of it. On another meaning I would start thinking. Eliminate all contents from the mind all thoughts all feelings all sensations everything.
How will you do that? Well, he goes on to say you do it by certain steps. First of all, pranayama, which means the control of the breath. Pratyahara, which means preliminary concentration. Tarana, a more intense form of concentration. Jnana, which is the same John or the Sanskrit present. And that means profound union between subject and object and finally Samadhi, which is way out. Now what’s happening? Control your mind, first of all by breathing. Breathing is a very strange thing because believing can leave you both as an involuntary and as a voluntary action. You can feel I breathe, and yet you can feel it breathes for me. And they have all sorts of fancy breathing ways in yoga. They’re very amusing to practice because you get very high on. That one you know where you swing down into this way. So, you know, you’re sitting in a lotus pastor and bending down and then you can bring it in through the left nostril. Breath out the right. In through the right. Out from the left. At the same time, imagine that as you take the current in it goes into you it goes right the way down your spine and goes by eyeing on the base of your spine and then catches hold of that snake that’s supposed to be cold up there and as you breathe out pulls it up up up up up up. Up Up Up and out. The snake all the time, the Kundalini, the serpent power that lies at the center of sexual activity but has to be dragged up and put in the brain. So, they set you up these tricks. And of course, if you are bright. You may begin to realize some things at that point. If you are not very bright then you’ll have to draw on. And so next they really get to work on concentration. Concentrate the mind on one point.
Now this can be an absolutely fascinating undertaking. I suggest that you try it this way if you want to make experiments. Select a highlight on some bright, some polished surface, copper or glass or something. Where there’s a little tiny reflection. Say of a candle or an electric light bulb. Look at it and put your eyes out of focus so that the right spot appears to be fuzzy. A fuzzy circle. Now look very carefully at the design in the sizes are all. And see if you can make it out. There is a definite pattern of blur. And you are going to have a wonderful time looking at that. Then, go back and get your eyes into focus and look at intense light. And you can go into it and into it and into it like you will know your falling down a fun. And at the end of that funnel is an intense light. And go down go N N N N N N It’s the most thrilling experience. Then suddenly the guru wakes you up and says What are you doing that for. And all well because I want realisation why? Because we live in a world of if we identify ourselves with the ego we get into trouble, we suffer, we are in a mess. He says, ‘You’re afraid of that?’ ‘Yes.’ So then, all that you’re doing to practice yoga is based on fear. You’re just escaping you’re running or. How do you think you can get realisation through fear. There’s one to think about. So you think well now I’ve got to go on with my yoga practice my concentration is my exercises but not for a fearful motive. And you know that guru you know is watching you and he’s a very very sensitive man and he knows when you’re doing no always knows what you’ll note it is.
So he puts you on to the ticks are getting a pure motive. And that means a very deep control of the emotions I mustn’t have impure thoughts. Right so you go alarm and you manage to repress as many impure thoughts as possible and then one day asks you why are you repressing these thoughts? What’s your motive for trying to have a pure mind. And you find out that you had an impure my. For trying to have a pure mind. If you did it for the same all reason you started out the thing in the beginning because you were afraid because you wanted to play and get one up on the universe. And so, eventually, you find out, you see, that your mind is what is called in Sankrit Mudha, Mudha, which means crazy. Because it can only go in vicious circles. Everything it does to get out of a trap puts it more securely in the trap. Every step in the direction of liberation is a new tie up. So that you started you know with molasses in one hand and feathers in the other. That was the original situation of man. The guru made you put them together like that and said Now pick the feathers off. And them order them are of a mess the whole thing gets. So you get involved, involved, involved them involve others pose and in the meantime she. Has been telling you yes you made a little attainment today but it was only the stage and there are sixty four all together. And you got to get that sixty-fourth stage, and he knows how to spin it out and. Drag it all out because you are ever hopeful. That you will get that thing. Just as you might win a prize or what, win a special job or a great distinction and dream somebody. That’s the motivation all along only it’s very spiritual. It’s not for worldly recognition. You want to be recognized by the gods in the Angels. But it’s the same story on a higher level. So he keeps holding up these baits. And as long as the people falls for them he says he holds out more baits. Until after awhile, the pupil gets the realisation that what he’s doing is running faster and faster in a squirrel cage. That he’s making an enormous amount of progress and getting nowhere like in Alice Through the Looking Glass when the Queen says here, you have to have run faster and faster to stay where you are.
And so he impresses this upon you by these methods very subtle. And at last you find out, that you, as an ego as, what you ordinarily call your mind, are a mess. That you just can’t do this thing. You can’t do it by any of the means that have been held out to you. You can concentrate Yes you’ve acquired a considerable power of concentration by doing all this but you find you’re doing it for the wrong reason. And there’s no way of doing it for the right reason see Krishnamurti does this. He’s a very very clever group. Krishnamurti says to people now look, there is nothing you can do to be liberated because all. All your efforts in the direction of liberation are phony. They are based on your desire to boost and continue your ego and that will never lead to liberation all you can do he says is to be aware of yourself as you are without judgment. See what is. But then, if you can do that, you have no further problem. But if you try to do it, you’re in the same mess all over again. So we have Krishnamurti followers, who are so busy being aware of themselves and not doing spiritual practices they can’t read any books except mystery stories they mustn’t read any philosophical books, any spiritual books, they mustn’t do any meditation exercises or anything like that they just have to be aware of themselves all the time. Gurdjieff played the same game, in a different way. You said the most important thing is self-remembering. Always, at every moment be aware of what you’re doing watch yourself constantly and never never be absent minded. So all day when you know you pick up the piece of paper you realize I’m picking up this piece of paper. And I’m opening it. And I know I’m doing it this way so I’m not asleep, ordinary people can’t open up piece of paper. And in this way where. Rally thing out of his grave.
And so all these people are doing this you know, watching. Now, where do they land up? I’ve told this story millions of times really excuse me but it’s very important when they teach you in Japanese Zen. How to use a sword. The first thing that the teacher says to the student is now. You if you’re going to be a good soldier you’ve got to be alert constantly. Because you never know where the attacks are going to come from. And so all soldiers have taught us, watch. Christian us. Peace brother in be sober be vigilant if your adversary the Devils Daucus around as a roaring lion seeking only native our own resists steadfast in the face. Be on your watch Christian dust out heed them on this holy ground how the powers of darkness prowl and power around enemies on every side. Christians seek not yet repose I got an angel say now out in the midst of whirls watch and pray so the soldier other sentry everybody is on the watch on the alert. And you know what happens to you when you try to be on the alert? You think about being alert, and then you’re a hopeless prey to the enemy. Because you’re not you’re not alert you’re thinking about being alert.
So in the same way, the poor boy who is learning fencing and as a teacher and he’s doing duties around the house the teacher attacks and utterly unexpectedly at any moment. And so long as he is alert, he’s a sitting duck. Because he’s alert in the sense of staring he says it might come from there it might come from there let’s check out every Let’s check out individually every place in which the attack might come check this check that check the other thing it might be this way it might be that way while he’s doing that or to get him from in a direction he’s not thinking about. To be alert, you must not think about any special direction from which the attack might come. You must be simply, awake and relaxed. And then, all your nerve ends are working. And wherever the attack comes from your ready. They liken this to a barrel of water. The water is just sitting there in the barrel, but the minute you make a hole in the barrel the water immediately is ready to come out of that hole.
So in the same way, the mind, when it is in the proper state is ready to respond in any direction from which the attack may come. So this man is no longer alert in the sense of taut and anxious which right you could see, just sitting there. Like a cat sits there. And the minute anything happens here now. It’s right there because it didn’t have to overcome any set in a direction opposite to that from which the attack comes. If you’re set for the attack to come from there and it comes from here, you have to pull back from there and go there but that’s too late. So you sit in the middle. And you don’t expect the attack from any particular direction. So in the same way, all this applies to yoga. You can be watchful, you can be concentrated, you can be alert. But all that will ever teach you is what not to do. How not to use the mind. Because it will get you into deeper and deeper and deeper binds. You have to let it happen. Just like you have to let yourself go to sleep, you can’t try to go to sleep. You have to let yourself to just your food you can try to digest it. And so in the same way, you have to let yourself wake up. Become liberated. And when you find out you see, that there isn’t any way of forcing it that for most people is the only way of getting them to stop forcing it. Because they won’t believe it when you tell them in the first instance you got to do this without forcing it. They’ll say well that it won’t work, it won’t happen because I’m Darian evolved I’m just an ordinary human being I was poor little me and if I don’t force it nothing like happened I people who think that if they. Don’t struggle and strain they won’t have a bowel movement. Or whatever it is they think they’ve got to do that work. In order to make it happen. In other words, all that is based on lack of faith, not trusting life. And to get people to trust life who don’t trust it, you have to trick them. They won’t jump into the water so you have to throw them in. And if they’re on very unwilling to be thrown in, they’re going to take diving lessons. You see in which they’re going to go all through they’re going to read books about diving they’re going to all the preliminary exercises for diving and are going to stand on the edge of the diving board and inquire whether there’s a right posture till something comes up from inside and kicks them in the butt. And they’re in the water. And it’s also with this, it really is.
So now there’s an amazing Imust instructor about this because it’s important that you should know and the most amazing gamesmanship goes on in the whole domain of yoga and spiritual practice. You would be astounded. Somebody whom I won’t mention, but for whom I have a fairly considerable respect came up to me a few days ago. He’s a…I’ll just say it, he’s a psychotherapist. And he said. You should work with me. You know al last night. You were going around like a zombie. And this isn’t good because if you if you would be clear with my work you would be an incomparable genius. I said. That’s OK. I’m very fond of you I said you know what you’re playing games with me I was getting around like a zombie last night because I had too much to drink. So I mean, one of the games in all this is to find a little flaw or something everybody has a place where they can be jiggled a bit. Something they’re a bit ashamed of and so they think does this person really know my secret he’s not saying anything with the polite but does he really see through me and know that somewhere or the awful awfuls, and that I’m a little bit upset of all. This is all part of a religious competition. If you’ll go to the Roman Catholics and you started you’ve been psychoanalyzed, you see. They’ll say well that’s fine but don’t cos it’s not nearly enough I mean that’s all very well so far as it goes but. Or if you’re a Roman Catholic and you go to a Buddhist outfit that says missionary basis they’ll say yes of course through your Catholicism you’ve learnt some of the basic virtues but of course, Catholicism doesn’t go anywhere near the heart of things it is it doesn’t have an elaborate system of meditation like we thought. And then you go over to the Hindu school and they say as the Buddhists go to a certain point. But they do it tain a very very high stage of realisation but there is nevertheless something higher than that which they don’t quite get.
And you’ll find that all around the world. Everybody claiming to have that little special extra essence just that others don’t have. And why are they doing that? Are they all frauds? Are they all charlatans all out to get you into their society sometimes yes but sometimes they’re trying to see whether you fall for this testing you are this is all by skillful method. And if you become falling for that little extra special thing that’s just supposed to be around the corner. You know. Then they’ve got you. Or rather you’ve got yourself in the mix. And you have to work at that and work at that and work at that until you find out. That you were being made a monkey of. That you were being made a monkey of because you could be made a monkey of. You hadn’t really arrived where you are. You weren’t. You didn’t have the nerve to be you. That is to say to be the Self. And so you had always to feel that there was something beyond that, a stage higher. Than so that’s why for example Masonry is such a success it has thirty-three degrees. And you know, you can go up that ladder and get higher and higher status the more degrees the merrier. There have been things that invented hundreds of degrees. And they’re an immense success. Because you can postpone it longer and longer like Achilles overtaking the Thomas. He doesn’t overtake it in the problem because we keep dividing and dividing. The space between Achilles and the top of us as he approaches the top of us. What delay is getting is overtaking the top. This is not a killer is that our calculations about how he approaches it we make the calculations more and more complicated as he gets nearer and nearer to the tortoise. That only the calculations that put it off a kill is in fact runs right by.
So in the same way you can calculate yourself out of liberation. You can put it off indefinitely by inventing new degrees and new stages. But actually, when you get it, you don’t get it. You will suddenly see. It happens instantly. And near where it happens instantly whether you put in thirty years practice or whether you put it in three minutes. It’s the same. Suddenly, it dawns on you that that’s the way things are the time I see. Medieval society in the West, comparable to Hindu society. Allowed people to check out of the game. It is revered and encouraged its monks and nuns. Are various types of discipline. And even a person who die and there’s this difference is see for the west and India. You couldn’t giant the Brahmana caste the priest caste from some other caste but in the European caste system. By becoming a priest. Or a cleric of any kind you see a cleric I mean simply a look. Person the word cleric is related to the word clever. It’s simply means you’re literate in only the clergy. A live word clever cleric clerk clergy are all the same. And they’re also related to the word clear as it was originally spell C L E R E. Now you could join the clerical caste from any other caste, and the function of the clerical caste in the West is that it was a cross as it were a kind of diagonal caste. You could familiarize with any other caste, once you’re in that one. And so it was a wonderful way of rising in society. You could from being a serf. Go to being a priest to being an archbishop and consort with the nobility. It was the only way open to cross castes you see and from then because they were the literate people it was through literacy and through universities founded by clerics that our caste system began to break. And we got the idea of choosing your own vocation and not simply following what your parents did. And I want to make an observation here about checking out of the game. This is not encouraged in contemporary society. Because the Catholic Church and these say the Episcopalian church are very powerful minorities they can still support monasteries and even hermits. But you can’t be one on your own without great difficulty. Firstly, because you’re a poor consumer. See around here there are we have a number of hermits there’s a guy out there building that boat and he’s essentially a non-joiner, poor consumer and the community they live a lot along here and they’re mostly they’re not working class people. They are people who dropped out of college because they saw it was stupid and that sort of people we would call them perhaps beatniks. But you see the city doesn’t like it because. They aren’t owning the right sort of cars and therefore the local car salesman isn’t doing business through them. They don’t have lawns, and so nobody can sell them lawn mowers. They hardly use dishwashers, appliances of that kind they don’t need them. And also, they wear blue jeans and things like that and so the local dress shops feel a bit put out having these people around and they are very little very simply. Well that you would mustn’t do that. You’ve got to live in a complicated way. You’ve got to have the kind of car you know that identifies you as a person of substance and status, and all that. So there’s a great problem you know in our society now why is that this problem. There’s always a very inconsiderable minority of these non joiners or people who check out of the game. But you will find that insecure societies are the most intolerant of those who are non-joiners. They are so unsure of the validity of their game rules, that they say everyone must play. Now that’s a double-bind. You can’t say to a person you must play because what you are saying is you are required to do something which will be acceptable only if you do it voluntarily.
So everyone must play, is the rule in the United States and it’s the rule in almost all Republican governments. I mean Republican in the sense of Democratic. Because they’re very uneasy. Because everybody is responsible. You mean you may try not to be and avoid it and say oh let the senators take care of it or the president but theoretically, everyone’s responsible now it’s terrifying. It’s all out when you know what’s right there is an aristocracy there is the the clergy, and they know what should be done and they’re used to really see but now you see it’s in your hands you say well what are you what are we going to do. Well I think this way, and you think that way and he thinks the other way, and so we’re all unsettled. And therefore we become more and more conformist individuals and rugged individualism always leads to conformism, because people get scared and so they herd together they were compounded with industrial society mass production etc. They all wear the same clothes. And they wear sensible clothes that don’t show the dirt too much and. We get dollar drabber, with the exception of the Californian revolution. All the time you mean you go to New York and everybody looks as if they were about to attend a funeral Well part of the reason is the city is covered in filth murk descends, descends from the chimneys of Consolidated Edison it comes in at all the windows you can’t shut it out so the girls wear black and pearls and even black underwear. Because it just doesn’t show the diverse and all the men with sensible grey suits and black neckties and so on I mean the doesn’t serve the dirt but it looks like a funeral or looks like an assembly of preachers. So, what, the reason for this is in a way that democracy as we have tried it, started out on the wrong foot. You see, in the scriptures of the Christian scriptures it says everybody is equal in the sight of God. Now, that’s a mystical utterance. That means that from the standpoint of God all are divine. And are playing to function. And that is something that is true on a certain plane of consciousness. But to come down a step and try to apply the mystical insight in the practical affairs of everyday life and what do you get you get a parody of mysticism. You get the idea, not that everybody is equal in the sight of God but that all people are equally inferior. And that’s why all bureaucracies are rude, why the police are rude, and why you are made to wait in lines and are obstreperous tax individuals and all that sort of person because everybody is a crook everybody is equally inferior so that becomes the parity of democracy and that kind of society watch out for it it turns in a quick click into facets. And into, because of its terror of the outsider.
Now, a free and easy society loves outsiders. In fact, it’s a little bad for the outsiders integrity because he becomes a Holy man see and people make salaams and give him food and all that they really take care of the outside, because they know that man is doing for us what we haven’t got the guts to do. That outsider, who lives up there on the mountain is at the highest peak of human evolution his consciousness is one with the divine and great just there is someone like that around makes you feel a little better he has realized he knows what it’s all about and so we need a number of those people. Even though they don’t join our game they tell us you see what you’re doing is only a game it’s OK I’m not going to condemn you but it is only a game and we up on that mountaintop I watching you we love you we have compassion for you and but we excuse please we are going to join. So that gives the community great strength, because it tells the government in no uncertain terms that there’s something more than government. That’s why kings, wise Kings, kept not only priests but court fools. [A] court fool is much more effective than the priest. To remind the king. That after all is human. And you know, how in Richard the second where the fool is called the antics. The king says, ‘Within the Hollow Crown that runs the model temples of the King keeps death his watch and there the antics it’s scuffing it is stated grinning it is pumped allowing him a little time to monetise be feared and kill with looks that at last comes death. And with the pinballs through his castle wall and farewell King.’ See, always this reminder of the priest or of the antics to the royalty to the government. You are going to die you are mortal. Don’t give yourself and graces as if you were a god. As you are only a representative of God and there is a force, there are domains, way way beyond yours and way way higher. But it’s very difficult for a Republican government to realize that. Because it’s insecure. And therefore, in our present world. You cannot abandon nationality without the greatest difficulty. People who try to abandon nationality get constantly deported from one place to another. You must belong to this thing as Thoreau put it. However far into the forests you may go, men will pursue you and compel you to belong to their desperate company of oddfellows.